The global demand for natural resources poses similar challenges to societies all over the world, regardless of where resource use takes place, be it in the Global South or Global North. Water-Land-Energy (WLE) are fundamental resources for the development of a modern and sustainable society. Agriculture, forestry and mining (AFM) – key economic activities in Sweden and Chile – are intensive users of land, water and energy, having significant ecological footprints that can compromise societal wellbeing and ecosystems functioning. In addition, WLE are sensitive to global drivers such as climate change, population growth, land use change and economic instability.

Since WLE are interconnected resources, there is a strong need to address the common challenges of these key economic activities and their impact on the WLE-nexus highlighting trade-offs and synergistic relationships in an inter-disciplinary and collaborative manner.

Under the auspice of ACCESS platform between Sweden and Chile, our aim is to contribute towards a sustainable use of WLE, providing cutting-edge knowledge base for both decision -makers and other stakeholders.

The following questions have been identified:

  • How do AFM affect society and the bio-physical environment?
  • What are the consequences of these activities on the environment and the provision of ecosystem services?
  • How does climate change affect the WLE nexus and its impact on AFM activities?
  • What is the relationship with other major global change drivers (land use change, population growth, etc.)?
  • What is the sustainable level of use of WLE in AFM activities? How will Integrated Water/land/energy Resource Management contribute to achieve this?